Lascelles, A. M.
Second Lieutenant Arthur Moore Lascelles served only briefly with 11 DLI from February to May 1917, but was the highest awarded man to have served with the battalion. While with D Company, he assisted at the Brown Enquiry 4 April 1917. Born in London, 12 October 1880, Arthur Moore Lascelles was commissioned in December 1915, having previously served in German South West Africa [modern day Namibia]. Lascelles served with several other DLI battalions during the war. While serving with 14 DLI later in 1917 he was awarded the Victoria Cross. Finally, while serving with 15 DLI at the rank of Captain during the Big Push, he was wounded, dying on 7 November 1918. He was posthumously awarded the Military Cross.
Private 81950 Walter Latter did not serve overseas before 1916, when he joined 11 DLI. He later served as Private L/13323 Royal Sussex Regiment. Nothing further is known.
Private 17449 Hugh Lavelle enlisted in September 1914. He served throughout the war in 11 DLI. During the March Retreat in 1918 he was mentioned in despatches for some brave running of messages and later awarded the Military Medal. He survived the war, returning to his native Stillington in Co Durham, and died in 1966.
Lawrence, George H
Private 25662 George H Lawrence went out to France on 10 september 1915. He was mentioned in despatches, London Gazette 9 July 1919. He also served as Private 13766 in 12 West Yorkshire Regiment. He survived the war and was discharged to Class Z reserve.
Private 21754 Thomas Laws was killed in action on 20 September 1917, has no known grave and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, Zonnebeke.
Laws was from Chester le Street, born there and living at 40 Twart Street when he enlisted on 26 August 1914. He was aged 26 yrs and 4 months, worked as a miner, was 5ft 3 in, 37½ in chest, 136lbs, fresh complexion, blue eyes, light hair, and C of E. On 27 August 1914 he was allocated to DLI depot and on 26 October 1914 sent for further training to 16 DLI. On 9 March 1915 he was appointed Lance Corporal but on 27 April 1915 he reverted to Private at his own request. On 25 August 1915 he went overseas to France to join 11 DLI, B Company.
While out in France he heard of the death of his two-year old daughter, Margaret Carrington Laws, of acute nephritis and anaemia in January 1916, but was not allowed home. He had two bouts of influenza in March and April 1916 for which he was treated at Base Hospital. He was wounded in the elbow on 15 April 1917 and in August was allowed home on leave. He was killed in action shortly after returning to his unit, on 20 September 1917.
His wife Margaret had been receiving an allowance of 31s 0d, which became a pension of 28s 9d for herself and four surviving children (one born prior to marriage). She re-married after the war, becoming Mrs Margaret Harle and living at 16 Hedworth Street, Chester le Street.
Private 18920 William Laws was killed in action on 3 September 1916, and is buried in Guillemont Road Cemetery.
William Laws was born at Felling on Tyne. When he enlisted on 31 August 1914 he was aged 27 yrs and 4 months and worked as a miner. He was the son of the late Matthew and Norah Laws of Salt Meadows, Gateshead and husband of Mary Elizabeth Laws of 22 Balmoral Terrace, Felling on Tyne. He was initially allocated to Depot then 11 DLI for training. On 5 May 1915, he was awarded 21 days FP No 2 for absence from 26 April 1915 to 5 May 1915, and on 25 May 1915, was awarded 8 days FP No 2 – reason not clear in records. These absences cost a total of 38 days off his reckonable servce for pension – nine days for the original absence plus the time on field punishment.
He was killed during the successful capture of Guillemont village on 3-4 September 1916. After the war he was re-buried at Guillemont Road British Cemetery (letter in his records dated 28 August 1920). Little else survives in his papers other than signatutes for his medals by his widow.
Sergeant 19712 Charles Lax of Castle Eden was awarded the Meritorious Service Medal, Peace Gazette. According to his main medal index card, he went overseas on 25 August 1915 at the rank of Provate, probably with 12 DLI or 13 DLI. He was later promoted to Sergeant and was discharged from 11 DLI at the end of the war, Class Z. Not conclusively identified in 1911 Census.
Private 21455 William Leadley was reported missing in action on 22 March 1918, and is commemorated on the Pozières Memorial. He was born in Scarborough, but enlisted in West Hartlepool. His service records have not survived, but his medal index card shows that he went out to France on 17 August 1915, which suggests that he originally trained with 16 or 17 DLI and was in one of the batches sent out as reinforcements – a draft of 50 from 17 DLI were recorded joining the battalion on 22 August. According to the 1911 Census, he was then living as a boarder at 102 Durham Street, Hartlepool East, aged 22 (therefore born c 1889) and working as a labourer in the cement works. Mary Young, his landlady also worked there, as did several of her nephews and nieces living with her at the same time.
Ledger, George William
Private 18685 George William Ledger was killed in action on 13 October 1915, and is buried in Rue-du-Bacquerot No. 1 Military Cemetery.
George William Ledger was born at Edmondsley near Chester le Street around 1885. When he enlisted on 12 September 1914 he was 29 years old, married and a miner. He had married Mary Jane Rutter at Birtley Parish Church on 18 April 1908 and had three children: Annie Rutter Ledger (b 25 Nov 1908), Amelia (b 1910 – who may have died in infancy as she is not recorded as a widow’s dependent), and Mary Jane (b 24 April 1915). George was the son of William Brown Ledger and Mary Ann Ledger of 6 School Street, Birtley. He had two brothers (Robert 32 and Lemon 29 – a witness at his wedding) and no sisters.
Ledger was a Class II National reservist having served in the Territorial Army. When he enlisted at Birtley on 12 Sept 1914 he was assigned to 11 DLI rather than one of the existing Territorial units. He was aged 29 yrs and 30 days, born Edmondsley, a miner, 5ft 8½in, 156 lbs, 37½in chest, sallow complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair.
At his medical examination Ledger was 5ft 8½in tall, 156 lbs and had a 37½in chest. He had a sallow complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair. He was Church of England and a Class II Reservist. He was posted immediately to 11 DLI. He was given 4 days confinement to barracks at Pirbright and lost two days pay for being absent from duty 9 January 1915 (12pm) to 11 January 1915 (3pm). It was his only offence.
Ledger was killed in action 13 October 1915 while serving with D Company. The widow had had a separation allowance of 19s 6d a week with an allotment of 3s 6d. This was reduced in total to 20s 6d as a pension from 24 April 1916. Ledger’s effects were returned to the widow, but not listed. She received the medals at her then address of 12 Hill Street, Birtley, after the war.
Private 12870 Henry Leonard died of wounds on 27 June 1916, and is buried in Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery.
He volunteered on 20 August 1914 at West Hartlepool aged 20 years and 45 days. He was a railway platelayer with the North Eastern Railway company and stood 5ft 3 3/4 ins, weighed 113lbs and was inoculated during October-November 1914. He lived at home with his parents at 19 Mozart Street, West Hartlepool. His family were father Henry Leonard, mother Ellen, brothers Thomas 23 and William 18, and sisters Doris 14 and Edith 10.
He was the subject of a strange identity mix-up. A message was sent out from Army Home Records York on 7 March 1916 looking for ‘Absentee 11908 Pte H Leonard age 21, height 5ft 5in, well built, hair dark brown, fresh complexion, clean-shaven. Absent from 29 February, home address 14 Mozart Street, West Hartlepool’. The record is later corrected, indicating Leonard’s correct number as 12870.
He was assigned to D Company, 11 DLI. He reported sick with scabies on 26 March 1916, returning to duty on 12 April. On 28 April he went down with influenza. On 27 June 1916 he was admitted to 3rd Canadian Casualty Clearing Station where he died of wounds. This was probably the same incident of shelling which also claimed the life of 2nd Lt ERB Clough (qv) in the trenches at St Jean Road near Brandhoek in the Ypres Salient.
Captain J Liddle was mentioned in despatches, London Gazette 21 December 1917.
Lance Corporal 16026 John Liddle, aged 31, from Felling, died of wounds, 19 September 1916, St Sever Cemetery, Rouen. He was the son of the late John and Sarah Liddle of Felling and husband of Margaret Liddle of 11 Penshaw Street, Old Fold, Gateshead. He was killed in the period after the battle of Guillemont, when 11 DLI were making new assembly trenches west of Bernafay Wood, in preparation for another attack on the German lines. He was one of a group of men from C Company, one of whom inadvertently struck and unexploded shell. Liddle was badly wounded and lost an arm, dying later in hospital. His service records have not survived. His medal index card shows that he went out with 11 DLI on 20 July 1915.
Private 78777 John Lincoln, aged 24, from East Molesey, was reported missing in action, 24 March 1918, and is commemorated on the Pozières Memorial. He originally served in the Suffolk Regiment with the number 290701. The regimental numbers and his medal index card indicate that he was probably a conscript. His service records have not survived. He was the son of Alfred and Elizabeth Lincoln of 49 Dennis Road, East Molesey, Surrey.
Private 15895 Joseph Lindsay was killed in action on 15 April 1917, and is buried in Lebucquiere Communal Cemetery.
Lindsay enlisted at Durham on 5 September 1914. Born in Jarrow, he was 23 yrs 5 months and a miner. He stood 5ft 5in, 140lbs, 36 in chest, with a dark complexion, brown eyes and dark brown hair, C of E. He was assigned to 11 DLI and served with B Company. He had a couple of disciplinary offences during training. At Pirbright on 26 December 1914 he was awarded 5 days CB and loss of 3 days pay for being absent off pass. At Lark Hill on 5 June 1915 he was given 7 days CB for being absent from 7 am parade.
He went overseas with the battalionon 20 July 1915. On 26 February 1916 he was admitted to No 4 Stationary Hospital at Arques with dental caries, returning to duty on 13 March 1916. From 26 January 1917 to 5 February 1917 he was on leave to England. He was killed in action on 15 April 1917 when the battalion was engaged in clearing roads of debris near Ruyaulcourt, following the German retreat after the battle of the Somme.
Lindsay seems to have had no close relatives and it was a Mr Arthur Bone of 61 Henry St, South Shields who received medals, scroll and personal effects as well as the post war note of re-burial at Le Bucqiere Communal Cemetery. The personal effects comprised: disc, photos, religious book and letter.
Private 17430 Daniel Lister, aged 29, was reported killed in action, 16 September 1915, and is buried at Rue-du-Bacquerot No. 1 Military Cemetery.
Lister enlisted 31 August 1914 at West Hartlepool. Born Thornley, he was 27 yrs 254 days, a miner, 5ft 3in, 129lbs, 36in chest, fresh complexion, blue eyes, brown hair and C of E. He was not married. He was assigned to 11 DLI, serving with C Company.
During training at Pirbright on 1 Jan 1915 he was awarded 7 days CB for overstaying his pass from 1 January to 5 January, and again awarded 2 days CB for absence from tattoo on 10 January 1915. At Witley on 26 March 1915 he was again awarded 2 days CB for absence from tattoo. At Lark Hill in July he was absent from reveille and given 4 days CB.
He was killed in action 16 September 1915, the form annotated ‘nature not known’. The details are described in a letter from Robert Bennett to his own family in Shotton Colliery. He wrote:
There was a lad killed in no. 2 section he belongs to Wingate it was his own fault he was getting pears about 100 yards behind the first line trench a sniper fired 10 rounds at him and he come away. He went back and was hit in the head with the 11th. He is some relation of Catherty they call him Danny Lister. He only lived a few minutes.
Medals and effects were sent to his father, Mr Thomas Lister of 37 East View, Station Town, Wingate. Daniel had 3 brothers and 3 sisters.
Private 25745 John Lister, aged 34, from South Moor, Stanley, was killed in action on 5 October 1916, and is buried in Bancourt British Cemetery. He was the son of William Lister of West Stanley and the husband of Lily Jobes (formerly Lister) of 2 Derwent Street, Black Hall Mill, Hamsterley Colliery, Co Durham. His service records have not survived. His medal index card indicates that he originally served with 10 DLI, going out with them in May 1915.
Lloyd, Henry Percy
TNA Reference WO 339/20524
Henry Percy Lloyd was born January 1883. At the outbreak of war he was not married, lived at Claremont, Bishop Auckland and had been in the 7 DLI (Territorial Army) until a year before the war. He was aged 31, 5ft 9in tall, had a 37″ chest, weighed 146 lbs and was ‘sound and fit’.
He initially served as Captain with 11th DLI, C Company, going overseas with them on 20 July 1915. He presided at the Bowlt Enquiry on 4 August 1915. He suffered a gun shot wound to the scalp, for which he was treated by 61 Field Ambulance on 15 October 1915, rejoining his unit the same day. He had various periods of extended leave in the months following. He was given leave to the UK, attending a Medical Board on 11 February 1916. They extended his leave until 17 April. His sick leave address was given as 4 Azalea Terrace, Sunderland, from where he requested to go back to 11 DLI. He did return but was admitted to 14 Stationary Hospital on 25 June and after an examination at 62 Field Ambulance on 15 July was sent to 20 DRS. He returned to his unit on 20 July 1916. There were two periods of leave, 20-30 December 1916 and 11-21 June 1916. The latter was extended more than once, first until 24 June and he did not arrive back at Etaples until 8 November 1917. Almost immediately he was sent on leave again from 13-26 November.
Nevertheless he returned to take part in the action at Cambrai at the rank of Major. In the pell-mell of the action following the German counter-attack, Lloyd fell and sprained his ankle at Gouzeaucourt. He kept going throughout the immediate problems, but was treated for the injury on 3 December and two days later sent back to England. He was mentioned in despatches, (London Gazette 21 December 1917, p 13370). Lloyd was sent to the officers’ hospital at Arthur Street, Chelsea where it was revealed that he had sprained the ankle several times between 30 November and 3 December and the ankle was severely swollen with blood in the joint. This proved to be the end of his army career and he never returned to the Front or to 11 DLI. On 5 June 1918 he was transferred from Major to Temporary Major (LG, 27 July 1918) and he was allowed to retain the rank of Major when his official service ended on 15 September 1919.
Lance Corporal 17957 James Lloyd, aged 25, from Stanley, was reported missing in action, 30 November 1917, and is commemorated on the Cambrai Memorial, Louverval. He was the son of Wallace and Martha Alice Lloyd of 41 The Bungalows, Fairfield Lea, Newcastle. In the 1911 census he can be found with his parents at No 14 King Edward Terrace, Tanfield Lea, aged 17 and working as a coal miner, pony driver alongside his father and three brothers. Although he had been born in Newcastle upon Tyne, most of his siblings were born in Pendlebury Lancashire, his mother came from Lancashire and his father from Newcastle under Lyme in Staffordshire. His service records have not survived, but his medal index card shows that he went out with the battalion on 20 July 1915.
Private 18677 James Logan was reported missing in action, 24 March 1918, and is commemorated on the Pozières Memorial.
Logan attested at Birtley on 14 September 1914. He was aged 19 yrs 173 days and worked as a miner. He was originally from Warrington near Morpeth, Northumberland. He was 5ft 8¼in, 141lbs, 36in chest, of fair complexion, grey eyes, light brown hair and C of E. Logan trained with 11 DLI and while at Lark Hill he overstayed his pass between 30 June 1915 and 7 July 1915, for which he was admonished and lost 7 days pay. Once overseas he was made up to unpaid Lance Corporal on 25 October 1916. He was appointed paid Lance Corporal from 1 October 1917 but following a period of absence from 22 October 1917 to 30 October 1917 he was deprived of his rank from 5 November 1917. The occasion for this is not recorded in the Field General Courts Martial records and will have been decided at battalion level.
He contracted scabies, reported on 3 December 1916, back to duty by 24 December 1916. Reporting on 31 July 1917 with PUO, he was sent for treatment in UK, returning to his unit on 18 August 1917. Shortly afterwards he was given leave to England (c 31 Oct 1917 – dates not clear) – this is what seems to have precipitated that incident of overstaying leave. He was reported missing on 24 March 1918 during the retreat and was struck off on 31 May 1918, presumed dead.
While away he allotted 6s 10d pay to his mother Sarah Jane Logan (who appears to have been unable to write) and his medals were sent to his father Mr J Logan of 262 Middle St, Ouston, Birtley.
Private 30817 Joseph Logan was killed in action on 5 October 1916, and is buried in Bancourt British Cemetery.
Logan was a Derby man, enlisting 14 December 1915 and being called up 29 February 1916. He was a grocer by trade, aged 29 yrs and 93 days, 5ft 4½in tall, 126lbs, 35in chest. He was assigned to 16 DLI for training, embarking for France on 22 June 1916 and being assigned to 11 DLI from 2 July 1916. He was killed in action on 5 October 1916, company not recorded. His next of kin was his mother, Margaret Logan of 1 Cooperative Terrace, Tantobie. His remains were exhumed after the war and re-buried at Bancourt British Cemetery (letter to his father William T Logan, 20 January 1920).
Private 376247 Robert Lomas, aged 41, from Richmond, Surrey, was reported missing in action, 26 March 1918 and is commemorated Pozières Memorial. He originally served with the East Surrey Regiment, with the number 21408, though his medal index card does not show this. He was the son of Ann Lomas of 14 Grosvenor Road, Richmond, Surrey and the late Robert Lomas. His service records have not survived.
Long, John Salkeld
Private 16241 John Salkeld Long, aged 27, from Gateshead, was killed in action, 14 February 1917, and is buried at Boisguillaume Communal Cemetery. He was the son of Thomas Salkeld and Elizabeth Long of 10 Trinity Street, Gateshead. His service records have not survived, but his medal index card indicates that he went out with the battalion on 20 July 1915. In 1911 he was living with his parents at 4 Grahamsley Street, Gateshead, aged 24 (sic) and working as a Carter General Labourer. His father was a bricklayer aged 58 and his mother was aged 61. All three came from Carlisle in Cumberland and sported the full surname ‘Salkeld Long’.
Private 25661 George Longstaff, aged 38, from Wingate, was reported missing in action, 23 March 1918, and is commemorated on the Pozières Memorial. On that day, 11 DLI were holding a defensive position on a canal bank between Offoy and Canizy near St Quentin, in the early days of the German Spring Offensive.
His service records have not survived, but the CWGC information is quite informative, if problematic. Born and resident in Wingate, Longstaff had enlisted at Deaf Hill, Co Durham. Initially he had served with the East Yorkshire Regiment, number 15495 [the medal index card, however, gives 5495, West Yorkshire Regiment]. Given the lack of service records it is not possible to determine when and why he was transferred to 11 DLI. Two battalions of the West Yorkshire Regiment, the 12th and 16th, were disbanded in February 1918 and he may have been transferred to 11 DLI then. His medal index card indicates that he did not serve overseas before 1916, as he was not eligible for the 1914-15 Star.
George Longstaff and Ellen Ferguson had married in the summer of 1910. In 1911 they lived at 23 Vane Street, Station Town, Wingate. George was aged 34 and a coal miner hewer. Ellen was aged 20. Ellen re-married after the war to become Mrs Ellen Neasham, living at 43 Ware Street, Station Town, Wingate.
Private 32827 William Longstaff died in a military hospital from wounds to the back on 9 December 1917, and is buried St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen.
Longstaff was from High Coniscliffe, near Darlington where he worked as Head Horseman. Born Morton Tinmouth, he was examined at Sunderland 30 May 1916 (not clear if he was a Derby man or a conscript). He was 5ft 8¼in tall, 143lbs, 37in chest. His mother, Elizabeth Longstaff was a widow, and there was an older brother aged 32. His mother was paid an allowance of 11s 1d.
On 11 October 1916 he was posted to the BEF, arriving with 11 DLI on 31 October 1916. On 8 December 1917 he was admitted to 62 FA with ‘shell wounds’ and transported back to 12 General Hospital Rouen, where he died on 9 December. This illustrates how quickly someone could be brought back to a base hospital from the front. The likelihood is that he was actually wounded during the last days of fighting at Cambrai on 1-2 December 1917, where 11 DLI were holding trenches on Border Ridge and may have been initially treated for some days closer to the front. The battalion were moved out to billets on 3 December.
His personal effects were returned on 7 May 1918, comprising: 2 discs, letters, photos, pipe, 2 religious books, razor, pouch, belt, cards, memo book, badge, button on belt, wallet.
Private 15235 John Lowery of Chopwell went out with 11 DLI on 20 July 1915 and was later promoted to Acting Corporal, at which rank he was awarded the Military Medal, London Gazette 18 October 1917. He survived the war and was discharged to Class Z Reserve.
Lowerson, John Thomas
Private 21779 John Thomas Lowerson was reported missing in action, 28 March 1918, and is commemorated on the Pozières Memorial.
Lowerson was a late volunteer, enlisting 18 January 1915 at Barnard Castle. He was a miner from 16 Wood Row, Lumley Colliery, Fencehouses, 31 yrs old and married. He was 5ft 8 tall, 43 in chest. His wife was Mary (née Bell, married Chester le Street 15 January 1910) and he had two sons, Jonathan Bell Lowerson and James. His wife was awarded an allowance of 24s 6d.
He trained with 17 DLI and went out to France to join 11 DLI on 17 August 1915. He was on leave in England from 11-21 January 1917. He was reported missing on 28 March 1918 during the retreat and was struck off 30 May 1918, presumed dead. There is evidence in his service records of correspondence with Captain Kemp and Pte McDowell (presumably company commander and a mate in the same section) but they were not able to give any indication of what had happened.
Private 21752 William Luke was killed in action on 20 September 1917 and is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial at Zonnebeke.
William Luke was born around 1885 at Murton, near Sunderland. He joined the army at Seaham Harbour on 17 August 1914 aged 28 years and 11 months. He was 5ft 7in tall, weighed 144 lbs and had a 35in chest. His father was George C Luke of 4 North Street, Murton. His mother was not listed on the forms. He had brothers John (34), Robert (30), Thomas (28), George (24) and three sisters, Mary Jane, Emma and Hilda.
His wife was Mary Jane Luke (née Harkness) whom he had married at Dalton le Dale on 20 February 1909. The surviving papers mention no children. His wife was allotted a pay and separation allowance of 12s 6d, which was sent c/o Mrs Wetherill, East End, Dalton le Dale, Murton Colliery. However the payment was ceased from 14 August 1916, some time before Luke was killed, on the instructions of the payee.
After signing up William Luke was sent first to the Depot 3 DLI and then on 26 October 1914 to 16 Battalion DLI. He was recorded absent on 29 December 1914 and again on 3 April 1915. He was posted to 11 DLI on 25 August 1915 and served with B Company. On 25 March 1916 he reported to 62 Field Ambulance suffering from diarrhoea, returning to his unit on 28 March. On 30 October 1916 he reported to 5 Casualty Clearing Station suffering from scabies. He was posted on leave from 16-26 June 1917. He was killed in action on 20 September 1917.
Although Luke’s wife had cancelled the separation allowance, she did receive the medals after the war.